At the confluence of Central, Eastern, and Southeast Europe is the nation of Romania. It shares borders with Moldova to the east, the Black Sea to the southeast, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Bulgaria to the south, and Ukraine to the north. It has a population of about 19 million, a 238,397 km2 area, and a climate that is primarily temperate and continental. The sixth-most populous member of the European Union and the twelfth-largest nation in Europe is Romania. Bucharest is the country’s largest and capital city. Iași, Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galaţi are the other major cities.
Romania, which is ranked 53rd in the Human Development Index, is a developing nation with a high income economy. By nominal GDP, its economy ranks as the 47th largest in the world. Early in the new millennium, Romania’s economy grew quickly; today, services make up a large portion of the country’s GDP. Through businesses like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom, it is a producer and net exporter of machinery and electric energy. Since 1955, Romania has been a member of the United Nations, NATO, and the European Union (EU). The majority of people in Romania are of ethnic Romanian descent, identified as Eastern Orthodox Christians, and speak the Romance language of Romanian. The largest (and most traditional) church in the nation is the Romanian Orthodox Church.
TRENDING FASHION IN ROMANIA
ACCESSORIES IN ROMANIA
TRIBES IN ROMANIA AND THEIR FASHION
The Dacians were the prehistoric Indo-Europeans who lived in the Dacian cultural zone, which was west of the Black Sea and close to the Carpathian Mountains. They are frequently regarded as a branch of the Thracians. This region mostly consists of Romania and Moldova as they exist today, along with portions of Ukraine, Eastern Serbia, Northern Bulgaria, Slovakia, Hungary, and Southern Poland. The Dacian language, which has a contentious relationship with the nearby Thracian language and may be a subset of it, was spoken by the Dacians and their related Getae people. The nearby Scythians and the Celtic invasions of the fourth century BC had some cultural effect on the Dacians.
A group of Indo-European speakers known as the Illyrians once lived on the western Balkan Peninsula. With the Thracians and Greeks, they made up one of the three major Paleo-Balkan populations.
Later Greek and Roman authors, who identified a region that corresponds to the majority of Romania, Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, much of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, western and central Serbia, and some areas of Slovenia, came to refer to the area the Illyrians lived in as Illyria. This region is located between the Adriatic Sea in the west, the Drava river in the north, the Morava river in the east, and in the south, the Aous (modern Vjos)
Large swaths of ancient Eastern and Southeastern Europe were home to the Indo-European speaking Thracians. The Greeks and Romans labeled the Thracian culture as tribal. Their earliest stable state was the Odrysian monarchy in the fifth century BC, but they remained mostly divided. Around the same time, they experienced Achaemenid Empire subjugation. Following the Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars, Thracians enjoyed a brief period of tranquility. The Odrysian kingdom lost its independence to Macedonia in the late 4th century BC, and after the passing of Alexander the Great, it never fully reclaimed it.
TOURIST AND HISTORICAL PLACES IN ROMANIA
Carturesti Carusel – The most spectacular bookstore in the city, Carturesti Carusel, is located in the heart of the Old Town inside a gorgeously restored 19th-century structure. Six floors make up this 1,000 square meter store, which has shelves packed with more than 10,000 books, 5,000 music, and DVDs.
Palace of Parliament – One of the most popular tourist destinations in Bucharest is the Palace of the Parliament. It is the second-largest administrative building in the world (after the Pentagon), a construction marvel that also holds the record for being the heaviest building ever constructed.
National Museum of Art of Romania – The National Museum of Art of Romania (Muzeul National de Arta al României), which is located in the former Royal Palace, is the nation’s top gallery and is home to the largest collection of Romanian artwork in existence, encompassing both medieval and contemporary works.
Arcul de Triumf – The first Arch of Triumph (Arcul de Triumf) in Bucharest was constructed from wood and dedicated to the Romanian soldiers who served in World War I. It was completed in 1878. It was raised to a height of 27 meters in 1936 using a granite reconstruction created by architect Petre Antonescu. Ion Jalea and Dimitrie Paciurea are just two of the well-known Romanian sculptors whose works adorn the arch.
The Stavropoleos Church – a tiny, serene, and lovely structure, was erected in 1724 by a Greek monk named Ioanikie Stratonikeas. This Brâncovenesc-style church stands out as a distinctive landmark in Bucharest with its beautifully carved entryway flanked by columns.
Romanian Athenaeum – The interiors include a lobby with spiral marble staircases, balconies, and ceilings decorated with elaborate gold leaf painting. The 652-seat theater is renowned for both its great art and excellent acoustics. The circular hall’s 70-meter-long and three-meter-tall fresco, which proudly depicts historical events, winds its way around.
Revolution Square – Due to its proximity to the Royal Palace, which now serves as the National Museum of Art’s current home, the central square was formerly known as Palace Square.
The Old Town – One of Bucharest’s first towns, the Old Town, contains buildings from the 15th and 16th centuries. It has served as a hub for trade, a site of worship, and a junction for travelers over the years in addition to serving as the residence of Romanian princes.
Curtea Veche: The Old Princely Court – The walls of the court, some arches, and columns remain, along with a statue of the infamous Romanian royal.
National Museum of Romanian History – In a lovely Neoclassical structure that was originally constructed for the Romanian postal service, the National Museum of Romanian History is housed. The museum’s 60 rooms have housed the most fascinating historical artifacts from prehistoric to modern times since 1970.
Dimitrie Gusti National Village Museum – also known as the “Village Museum” (Muzeul Satului), was established in 1936 and is an exceptional open-air museum that winds through the lush Herastrau Park and showcases Romanian history.
Bucharest Parks – Beautiful parks are abundant in Bucharest, and inhabitants enjoy them all year long. Cismigiu Gardens, the first city park, was created in the middle of the 19th century. One of the most popular activities here during the summer is renting rowboats, and during the winter, people enjoy going to the ice rink.
Bran Castle – One of the most well-known day trips from Bucharest begins in the city at Bran Castle. This national landmark, better known abroad as Dracula’s Castle, was constructed in the 14th century and probably has nothing to do with the made-up Bram Stoker character. There is no proof that Stoker was aware of the castle’s existence or that Vlad the Impaler, the model for Dracula, ever went there.
MUSIC IN ROMANIA
Romania is a European nation with a vibrant multicultural music scene that includes ethnic music. Some folk musicians have achieved national (and even international) recognition, and traditional Romanian folk music is still widely listened to.
The most traditional and vibrant form of musical expression in Romania, folk music is the foundation of both religious and secular musical culture. Numerous performers who helped spread and advance the folk sound as well as a sizable and enduring audience have all contributed to the preservation of Romanian folk music. One of them, Gheorghe Zamfir, is now well-known worldwide and is credited with popularizing the panpipes, a traditional folk instrument from Romania.
Some musicians in Romania include:
Some art work in Romania include:
MEALS IN ROMANIA
Ardei Umpluti – a dish common in Central and Southeast Europe. It is made of stuffed pepper with meats, cheeses and grains.
Zacuscă – Romanian vegetable spread made from roasted eggplant, tomato paste, sauteed onions, paprika and roasted Hungary sweet pepper.
Tochitură – this is a traditional Romanian lunch dish made from small pork cubes cooked over low heat.
Salată de Vinete – it is made with chopped grilled eggplants, onions, and sunflower oil.
Bulz – a Romanian meal made by baking polenta and cheese together in the oven.
Pleşcoi – a sausage made using traditional production method.
Salată de Vinete
Mămăligă – a well-loved dish made from yellow maize flour polenta in Romania.
Frigărui – a skewered meat dish containing cubes of meat, vegetables and seasonings.
Drob de Miel – a traditional Romanian meal made from lamb offals, eggs, herbs, green onions and soaked bread.
Ciorbă de Perisoare – a nice soup with meatballs.
Ciorbă de Burtă – a delicious tripe soup in Romania.
Sarmale – a comforting dish that can be easily found on the street during Christmas and New Year holidays.
Drob de Miel
Ciorbă de Perisoare
Ciorbă de Burtă
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION AND HABITAT PROTECTION IN ROMANIA
In total, Romania has 1550 protected places, including 606 Natura 2000 sites, 171 Special Protection Areas (under the Birds Directive), and 435 Sites of Community Importance (under the Habitat Directive), in addition to 944 sites that have been declared by national laws.
In comparison to other parts of the world, Europe has smaller protected areas on average. This mostly reflects how fragmented the land is in Europe due to infrastructure, urbanization, and overall intensification of land use. At the EU level, 50% of protected areas are smaller than 1 km2 in size. The ten largest land sites account for 41% of the land area covered by protected areas, while the ten largest marine sites account for 68% of the marine area.
475 species and 87 habitats from the nature directives are protected in Romanian Natura 2000 areas. Depending on the site’s location, the local biodiversity, the designation being utilized, and the attributes the site is intended to protect, different species and ecosystems are protected in different sites. Only one characteristic is protected across 217 sites, 27 of which have more than 20 features.
EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN ROMANIA
Romania is susceptible to hydrometeorological risks and natural disasters, which largely have an impact on the agricultural industry and public health due to periodical flooding and dry spells. Critical hazards for the nation also include the dangers of riverine and urban flooding, wildfires, water scarcity, and high heat. Romania is becoming more susceptible to landslides, earthquakes, floods, heat waves, high temperatures, and heat waves. Due to decreased river runoff, rising demand, and higher consumption brought on by economic development and population growth, some regions may experience more frequent droughts.
GENDER EQUALITY IN ROMANIA
Romanian gender equality is progressing. In the EIGE’s Gender Equality Index 2021, Romania has a score of 54.5 out of 100.
Some prominent women in Romania include:
Maria Grapini – a Romanian businesswoman and politician who served as Deputy Minister and as well Member of the European Parliament.
Elena Udrea – Romanian politician who served as Minister of Tourism.
Anca-Daniela Boaglu – Romanian engineer and politician who served as Minister of Transport.
Sevil Shhaideh – a Romanian economist, civil servant and politician.
Sulfina Barbu – Romanian politician and member of the Chamber of Deputies.
Ecaterina Andronescu – a Romanian engineer, professor and politician who served as Education Minister.
Ana Birchall – a Romanian lawyer and politician who served in the Chamber of Deputies.
Rovana Plumb – Romanian politician who served as Minister of Environment and Forest.