Croatia, often known as the Republic of Croatia, is a nation in Southeast and Central Europe. Its entire coastline is along the Adriatic Sea. It shares a maritime boundary with Italy to the west and southwest and borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the southeast. With twenty counties, Zagreb, the nation’s capital and largest city, serves as the main subdivision. The area is 56,594 square kilometers, and there are just around 3.9 million people living there.
Croatia is a parliamentary liberal democracy and a republic. It is a founder member of the Union for the Mediterranean and a member of the European Union, Eurozone, Schengen Area, NATO, United Nations, Council of Europe, and World Trade Organization. Croatia was a prominent contributor to UN peacekeeping efforts, providing personnel to the International Security Assistance Force, and it held a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008–2009 period. The Croatian government has made investments in infrastructure since 2000, focusing on the transportation networks and facilities found along the Pan-European Corridors.
The Human Development Index gives Croatia a high score and categorizes it as a high-income economy. The economy is dominated by the service, manufacturing, and agricultural industries. The nation, which is listed among the top 20 tourist destinations, depends heavily on tourism for its income. With significant government spending, the government has control over a portion of the economy. The most significant trading partner for Croatia is the European Union. In addition to offering social security, free primary and secondary education, universal health care, and corporate investments in publishing and media, Croatia also supports culture.
TRENDING FASHION IN CROATIA
ACCESSORIES IN CROATIA
TRIBES IN CROATIA AND THEIR FASHION
TOURIST AND HISTORICAL PLACES IN CROATIA
Rovinj – the beach town of Rovinj, built during the Venetian era, is composed of pastel-colored buildings that surround a charming fishing harbor and are ruled by a hilltop church with a stately bell tower.
Plitvice Lakes National Park – this is most popular inland attraction in Croatia, is made up of 16 emerald-blue lakes surrounded by high, forested slopes and linked by a series of thundering waterfalls.
Sailing around Kornati National Park – the islets are rocky, barren, and have little productive soil; they are essentially deserted, but there are a few extremely simple stone homes scattered about. They were initially constructed as one-room shelters by local shepherds and fisherman, but they are now frequently used as seasonal seafood restaurants or getaway getaways.
A Mljet National Park – it is primarily surrounded in dense forest and is built around two connected turquoise saltwater lakes, one of which features an islet topped by a Benedictine abbey from the 12th century that you may visit by taxi-boat.
The Pretty Town of Korcula – the main town on the same-named island in South Dalmatia, Korcula, lies tucked away on a little peninsula. Its car-free stone pathways are laid out in a herringbone pattern to provide shelter from the prevailing winds and are guarded by ancient walls and towers.
Hvar Town – many visitors come to Croatia to see the idyllic Dalmatian islands, the most popular of which is Hvar. Some of the best hotels and seafood eateries in the nation can be found in this hip city of Hvar.
Dubrovnik Old Town Walls – the majestic Old Town district, enclosed by strong medieval defensive walls, is the main attraction in Croatia and a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Brijuni National Park – this archipelago of dispersed, pine-scented islets off the Istrian peninsula has been proclaimed a national park (Nacionalni Park Brijuni). The largest island, Veli Brijun, is completely covered in lush parkland and welcomes visitors all year long.
Zlatni Rat Beach – the stunning Zlatni Rat beach in Croatia must be the country’s most popular beach (Golden Horn, or Golden Cape). This peculiar landform, referred to as a “spit,” is made up of small stones and extends 500 meters perpendicular to the coast in Bol on the southern coast of Brac.
Zadar’s Romanesque Churches – Zadar is a car-free city. Old Town is situated on a tiny peninsula that projects out into the Dalmatian coast of Croatia. The city’s several beautiful Romanesque churches, which date back to the Stone Age, are among its top tourist attractions. It is thought to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the nation.
Trogir – the lovely seaside town of Trogir is a wonderful vacation spot to explore and is rated as one of the top destinations to visit on Croatia’s breathtaking Dalmatian coast. Trogir, which was established in 380 BC, has a lengthy history that spans several empires, including the Greeks, Romans, Hungarians, and Venetians.
Sibenik – elegant 15th and 16th century buildings, as well as a number of worthwhile attractions, may be found here. Visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site and best church in Croatia, the Cathedral of St. James (Katedrala Sv Jakova), which dates back to the 15th century.
Rijeka – the Historic Town’s well-preserved cobbled alleys and alleyways, each lining with beautiful examples of townhomes and dwellings as well as old businesses and places of trade that were constructed in the 1700s, are highlights.
Pula’s Roman Arena – for those who are vacationing elsewhere in the nation, Pula is a great day excursion because of its impressively preserved Roman architecture.
Zagreb’s Gornji Grad – popular tourist sites in this area include the Croatian Parliament, the Cathedral with its twin steeples and neo-Gothic façade, and the Treasury with its extensive collection of religious art and relics.
MUSIC IN CROATIA
Both pop and rock are highly-liked in Croatia, as well as pop music with Dalmatian or Slavonian folk influences. Latin medieval liturgical chant manuscripts are the oldest surviving artifacts of Croatian musical culture and are considered sacred. They display an abundance of diverse influences and liturgical traditions that converged in one area.
Some musicians in Croatia include:
Some art work in Croatia include:
MEALS IN CROATIA
Baranjski Kulen – a premium cured meat sausages of Baranja.
Zagrebački Odrezak – this is a delicious meal in Croatia that look like a deep-fried ham.
Slane Srdele – this treat is a seasonal specialty served frequently from May to August. The fresh fish is prepared like sardine.
Pijani Šaran – this meal is made by salting and using various pingent condiment, herbs and spices on a freshwater fish.
Pašticada – this beef stew with special sweet-sour sauce is a famous dish in Dalmatia.
Janjetina Ispod Peke – Croatians make this dish with lamb and vegetables, olive oil and white wine to make the meat simmer faster.
Janjetina Ispod Peke
Istrian Pršut – this is a cured ham without the skin.
Istarska Jota – this is a notable and delicious dish across Europe.
Gregada – this is meal made from the oldest ways to cook fish in Dalmatia. It is made with veggies, herbs, potatoes, celery, parsley and some wine.
Gradele – this is one of the favourite treats for people who live in the coastal area of Croatia.
Dagnje Na Buzaru – it is a seafood treat spectacular to Croatians.
Brodet – this is a seafood stew with a vibrant flavour.
Dagnje Na Buzaru
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION AND HABITAT PROTECTION IN CROATIA
In Croatia, forests occupy about 46% of the total land area. 77% (1 987 799 ha) of the entire forest area is owned by the government, with only about 23% (593 027 ha) being privately owned. In Croatia, there is a very uneven distribution of private forest ownership, with some regions having only 1% and others having 57% of the country’s woods under private hands. The average tenure is smaller than 1 hectare in size and is distinguished by poor forest management. Either a state-owned forest company or other state organizations, including national parks, are in charge of managing public woods. In public forests, the increase is 6.4 m3/ha and the fellings are 7.3 million m3, compared to private forests’ yearly increment of 4.2 m3/ha and annual fellings of 1.08 million m3. 40% of privately held forests and all public forests have forest management plans.
In Croatia, 97% of the forests are semi-natural (self-regenerated, planted, or seeded), while only 3% are plantations. Broadleaved forests make up the majority of all forest types with about 75%. Just 6% of the forests are conifers, while about 19% are mixed forests. The predominant species include Pedunculate and Sessile oaks, Common Beech and Quercus robur.
EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN CROATIA
Croatia is susceptible to weather-related risks and natural disasters, which largely have an impact on the agricultural, water, and energy industries through seasonal flooding, decreasing precipitation, and dry spells. It has already been noted that temperatures are rising. Despite high unpredictability, precipitation seems to be falling, and extreme weather events, particularly droughts and heat waves, are becoming more frequent. Additionally, Croatia is susceptible to earthquakes, forest fires, flooding, water shortages, and intense heat. This is anticipated to have effects on the water and agriculture sectors as well as the overall health of the population. People in vulnerable categories, such as the elderly and those with limited economic options, are more at danger from natural disasters and the growing effects of climate change.
GENDER EQUALITY IN CROATIA
With a focus on violence against women, 91.7% of the legal frameworks that promote, enforce, and monitor gender equality under the SDG indicator are in place in Croatia. In 2018, the teen birth rate decreased from 9.1 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19 to 8.6 per 1,000. As of February 2021, women hold 31.1% of the seats in parliament.
Some prominent women in Croatia include:
Milanka Opačić – a Croatian politian who served as Minister of Social Welfare and Youth.
Mirela Holy – Croatian politian who served as Croatia’s Minister of Environment.
Andrea Zlatar-Violić – Croatian editor of literature magazines
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović – Croatian politician and diplomat who served as first female President of Croatia.
Jadranka Kosor – Croatian politician and former journalist who served as Prime Minister of Croatia.
Nikolina Brnjac – Croatian politician serving as Minister of Tourism and Sports.
Vesna Pusić – Croatian sociologist and politician who served as First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign and European Affairs.
Milena Žic-Fuchs – Croatian linguist who served as the Croatian Minister of Science and Technology.