Equatorial Guinea is a country on the west coast of Central Africa with a population of roughly 1,468,777 people and a land area of 28,000 square kilometers. Equatorial Guinea is divided into two regions: an island region and a mainland region. The Bioko Islands in the Gulf of Guinea make up the insular region, as does Annobón, a small volcanic island that is the sole section of the country south of the equator. Malabo, Equatorial Guinea’s capital, is located on Bioko Island, which is the country’s northernmost point. Between Bioko and Annobón is the Portuguese-speaking island nation of So Tomé and Principe. The mainland portion of Ro Muni is bordered on the north by Cameroon and on the south and east by Gabon. Bata, Equatorial Guinea’s largest city, and Ciudad de la Paz, the country’s proposed future capital, are both located here. Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico are among the small offshore islands that make up Rio Muni.
Equatorial Guinea has become one of the top oil producers in Sub-Saharan Africa. It has since become Africa’s richest country per capita, with a GDP adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita ranking 43rd in the world; nonetheless, the money is extremely unequally distributed, with only a few individuals benefiting from the oil wealth.
As a former Spanish colony, the country preserves Spanish as an official language alongside French and, more recently (as of 2010), Portuguese, making it the only African country with Spanish as an official language (apart from the mostly unrecognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic). It is also the most widely spoken language (much more than the other two official languages); the Instituto Cervantes estimates that 87.7% of the population speaks Spanish well.
TRENDING FASHION IN EQUITORIAL GUINEA
ACCESSORIES IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA
TRIBES AND FASHION IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA
The Fang People
The Fang are a Bantu ethnic group found in Equatorial Guinea, northern Gabon, and southern Cameroon. They are also known as Fn or Pahouin. The Fang people, who make up over 85 percent of Equatorial Guinea’s total population and are centered in the Ro Muni region, are the country’s largest ethnic group. They were traditionally farmers and hunters, but during the colonial period, they became big cocoa farmers.
They converted to Christianity under French colonial control. Their interest in their own indigenous religion, Biere, also written Byeri, has resurfaced after independence, and many now embrace syncretic concepts and rites. Bwiti, a monotheistic religion that commemorates Christian Easter over four days with group dancing, singing, and psychedelic drinks, is one of the Fang people’s syncretic traditions.
The Bubi People
The Bubi are a Central African Bantu ethnic group who are native to Bioko Island in Equatorial Guinea. During Portuguese expeditions, the population of the region suffered a severe reduction as a result of war and sickness. The Bubis are recognized for a particular form of tattooing that dates back to the days of slave trading and is still practiced today, though not as widely.
The Igbo People
The Bioko Igbo people are the third-largest tribe in Bioko, behind the Fang and Bubi tribes, and they occupy a tiny territory. They communicate in Pidgin English, Fang, Igbo, and Bubi indigenous languages, as well as Spanish, Equatorial Guinea’s official language. The majority of them came from Arochukwu, Abia State, Nigeria, to Bioko.
TOURIST AND HISTORICAL PLACES IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Mbini – It’s one of the greatest sites to try Equatorial Guinea’s renowned seafood.
Malabo – Visitors can cruise the streets to admire the Cathedral of Santa Isabel’s beautiful neo-Gothic spires, as well as attractive tiny Spanish-style casas along the neighborhood roads.
Luba – Luba is slowly but steadily evolving into much more. It’s attracting a different type of traveler these days, thanks to its stunning coastline and easy access to up-and-coming eco-tourism and adventure attractions like the aforementioned Moca.
Evinayong – The provincial capital of Centro Sur is a good site to see the hustle and bustle of daily life that takes place between the jungle-covered hills that dominate a large part of Rio Muni.
Djibloho – The city of Djibloho, which is slowly transforming from a patchwork of foundation ditches and shabby construction sites to shouldering its way above the verdant swaths of jungle that dominate the hinterlands of Wele-Nzas Province in Equatorial Guinea’s heartland, is still just an embryo of what’s planned.
Corisco – Corisco Island is a small spit of land that patrols the entrance to Corisco Bay and the Rio Muni estuaries, located off the coast of Equatorial Guinea.
Altos de Nsork National Park – Few visitors come to this remote part of the country, but those who do can stroll through routes carved out by forest elephants, marvel at the vast biodiversity of plants, spot mandrills and black colobus monkeys in the trees, and even spot rare buffalo in the forests.
Cogo – The peninsular hamlet of Cogo juts out into the Atlantic Ocean on the extreme southern border of the Equatorial Guinea coast, surrounded by the huge green marshes of the Muni River, apparently endless swaths of natural mangrove, and some of West Africa’s lesser-known birding locations.
Moca – People come to see the sparkling blues of lakes Biao and Loreta, which top out in the old volcanic calderas on the highlands, or to walk to the jagged, monkey-dotted reaches of the Cascades of Moca.
Bata – The Bata Cathedral is the main attraction, with a flavor of Spanish flair in the middle of town, as well as an airport and regular boat connections to Cameroon and Malabo.
Annobon – Humpback whale pods frolic in the swells around the island, uncommon Ojo Blanco birds chirp on the cliffs, and baobabs hide lizards in the backcountry, giving wildlife enthusiasts enough to shout about.
Utonde – There are plans for mega resorts with infinity pools and private beachfronts, as well as linkages to the Rio Campo Reserve, a massive 330 square kilometers of area stretched out over Fang tribe hamlets and marshes near the Cameroonian border to the north.
San Antonio de Ureca – Little town of low-rise shacks and mud roads resides in the shadow of the massive San Carlos Caldera, is bordered by various hiking paths, and is infused with rushing waterfalls
The Monte Temelón Natural Reserve is well renowned for its diverse flora, which covers more than 1,200 square kilometers of lush foliage. Crocodiles hide on the muddy banks of the many rivers, where mist meets the emerald canopy atop the trees.
Monte Alén National Park – The Monte Alén National Park’s immense wildernesses are possibly the most important region of remarkable natural beauty in West Africa that you’ve never heard about. Think goliath frogs, gorillas, elephants, crocodiles, and chimps, all of which are extremely rare.
MUSIC IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA
In Equatorial Guinea, folk music is immensely popular. The Fang, the largest ethnic group, are famed for their mvet, a hybrid of a zither and a harp. Up to fifteen strings can be used in the mvet. This instrument’s semi-spherical portion is made of bamboo, and the strings are held in place by fibers. Music for the mvet is composed in a notation system that can only be mastered by bebom-mvet society initiates. The chorus and drums are usually alternated in call and response music.
The tam-tam is another popular instrument. In general, fauna images and geometric drawings are used to embellish wooden musical instruments. Animal skins or animal drawings are used to cover the drums. Reggae and rock music are examples of modern music. Modern music, such as reggae and rock, as well as indigenous acoustic guitar bands, are becoming increasingly popular. The balélé and ibanga are two of the most well-known dances, which are frequently performed to an orchestra arrangement comprising sanza, xylophone, drums, zithers, and bow harps.
Some musicians in Equatorial Guinea include:
Some art work in Equatorial Guinea include:
MEAL IN EQUATORIAL IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Sopa de cacahuete – a delicious peanut soup in Equatorial Guinea.
Fried rice – inter-continental rice dish, made with vegetables, seafood or meat.
Kongodo – delicious peanut brittle.
Contrichop con arroz – well-prepare chicken in peanut sauce over rice.
Pescado con dos salsas – big fish that is well-grilled and spiced.
Vegetable sauce – a delicious sauce in Equatorial Guinea, usually taken with rice.
Contrichop con arroz
Pescado con dos salsas
Vino de palma – mildly alcoholic beverage brewed from palm fruit.
Succotash – a vegetable dish consisting primarily sweet corn with lima beans or other shell beans.
Peppersoup –it is prepared using various meats, chili peppers and calabash nutmeg.
Yuca – a root vegetable that is a great alternative to potatoes.
Vino de palma
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION AND HABITAT PROTECTION IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 58.0 percent of Equatorial Guinea is forested, or roughly 1,626,000 acres. Forest Cover Change: Between 1990 and 2010, Equatorial Guinea lost an average of 11,700 hectares each year, or 0.63 percent. Equatorial Guinea lost 12.6 percent of its forest cover, or roughly 234,000 acres, between 1990 and 2010.
Living forest biomass in Equatorial Guinea has 203 million metric tons of carbon. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: According to the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Equatorial Guinea has 694 identified species of amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles. 2.0 percent are endemic, meaning they can only be found in one country, and 4.3 percent are endangered. At least 3250 species of vascular plants have been identified in Equatorial Guinea.
2.0 percent are endemic, meaning they can only be found in one country, and 4.3 percent are endangered. There are at least 3250 vascular plant species in Equatorial Guinea, with 2.0 percent of them being indigenous. Under IUCN categories I-V, 16.8% of Equatorial Guinea is protected.
- EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Rising sea levels, rising temperatures, decreased precipitation, and extreme weather events are all threats to the country as a result of climate change. These effects have an influence on critical industries like agriculture, which has an impact on the population’s health and well-being.
GENDER EQUALITY IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA
According to the World Bank’s collection of development indicators derived from officially recognized sources, gender equality in Equatorial Guinea was reported as 0% in 2020.
Some prominent women in Equatorial Guinea include:
Evangelina Oyo Ebule – Equatorial Guinean politician currently serving as the country’s minister of Justice, Worship and Penitentiary Institution.
Mari Carmen Ecoro – Equatorial Guinean politician and former Minister of Social Affairs and Gender Equality.
Purificacion Angue Ondo – diplomat from Equatorial Guinea and the country’s ambassador to United States.
Constancia Mangue Nsue Okomo – first lady of Equatorial Guinea.
Maria Nsue Angue – Equatorial Guinean writer and Minister of Education and culture.